Tuesday, 23 April 2024 00:00

Treatment Options for Bunions

A bunion is a deformity where the bottom bone of the big toe pushes toward the outside, creating a noticeable bump on the foot. As a result, the rest of the toe then moves toward the smaller toes. Bunions develop gradually over time due to inherited foot structure and the way each foot absorbs force during walking. The symptoms of bunions vary from none at all to severe discomfort, worsened by wearing tight or narrow shoes. Several treatment options exist that may help to alleviate symptoms without surgery. Non-operative interventions include wearing comfortable shoes with a wide toe box, using bunion pads to reduce irritation, and employing toe spacers to realign the toes. Practicing calf stretches to reduce stress on the foot and wearing custom orthotics can help. For those whose bunions persist despite non-operative measures, surgical intervention may be necessary. Advances in surgical techniques allow patients to return home the same day as the surgery, although full recovery may take from six months to a year. If you are experiencing bunion discomfort, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a full exam and appropriate treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of Palm Beach Foot & Ankle. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Boynton Beach, Palm Beach Gardens, and West Palm Beach, FL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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